发布于:2021-07-31 23:45:05

2014 高考英语阅读理解二轮基础精品训练题(37)及答案

阅读理解-----B It was a village in India. The people were poor. However, they were not unhappy. After all, their forefathers had lived in the same way for centuries. Then one day. Some visitors from the city arrived. The told the villagers there were some people elsewhere who liked to eat frog's legs. However, they did not have enough frogs of their own, and so they wanted to buy frogs from other place. This seemed like money for nothing. There were millions of frogs in the fields around, and they were no use to the villagers. All they had to do was catch them. Agreement was reached, and the children were sent into the fields to catch frogs. Every week a truck arrived to collect the catch and hand over the money. For the first time, the people were able to dream of a batter future. But the dream didn't last long. The change was hardly noticed at first, but it seemed as if the crops were not doing so well. More worrying was that the children fell ill more often, and, there seemed to be more insects around lately. The villagers decided that they couldn't just wait to see the crops failing and the children getting weak. They would have to use the money earned to buy pesticides( 杀虫剂 ) and medicines. Soon there was no money left. Then the people realized what was happening. It was the frog. They hadn't been useless. They had been doing an important job---eating insects. Now with so many frogs killed, the insects were increasing more rapidly. They were damaging the crops and spreading diseases. Now, the people are still poor. But in the evenings they sit in the village square and listen to sounds of insects and frogs. These sounds of the night now have a much deeper meaning. ( ) 1. From paragraph I we learn that the villagers __________.

A. worked very hard for centuries B. dreamed of having a better life C. were poor but somewhat content D. lived a different life from their forefathers


) 2. Why did the villagers agree to sell frogs?

A. the frogs were easy money B. They needs money to buy medicine C. they wanted to please the visitors D. the frogs made too much noise ( ) 3. What might be the cause of the children's sickness?

A. the crops didn't do well B. there were too many insects C. the visits brought in diseases D. the pesticides were overused ( ) 4. What can we infer from the last sentence of the text?

A. Happiness comes from peaceful life in the country B. Health is more important than money C. The harmony between man and nature is important D. good old day will never be forgotten 1. C.细节理解题.第一段中有 The people were poor. However, they were not unhappy. 和 C 项意思一致. 2. A.细节理解题.根据第三段和本段第一句 This seemed like money for nothing.句中 for nothing 是"免费的"意思,说明青蛙容易得到,并能赚到钱,村民才答应买. 3. B. 推理判断题 . 根据倒数第二段中 They had been doing an important job---eating insects. Now with so many frogs killed, the insects were increasing more rapidly. They were damaging the crops and spreading diseases.可以推断出庄稼收成不好, 孩子 生病与青蛙减少, 害虫增多有关. 4. C.推理判断题.最后一句 These sounds of the night now have a much deeper meaning. 现 在夜晚的这些声音具有更深刻的意义 . 该句是一个中介句, 说明人们过度捕杀造成生态 失衡, 由此也影响了人类,因此,可以推断人与自然的和谐是重要。


I hated dinner parties. But I decided to give them another shot because I'm in London. And my friend Mallery invited me. And because dinner parties in London are very different from those back in New York. There, '"I'm having a dinner party' means: "I'm booking a table for 12 at a restaurant you can't afford and we'll be sharing the checque evenly, no matter what you eat." Worse, in Manhattan there is always someone who leaves before the bill arrives. They'll throw down cash, half of what they owe, and then people like me, who don't drink, end up paying even more. But if I try to use the same trick, the hostess will shout: "Where are you going?" And it's not like I can say I have somewhere to go: everyone know I have nowhere to go. But in London, dinner parties are in people's homes. Not only that,the guests are an interesting mix. The last time I went to one, the guests were from France, India. Denmark and Nigeria; it was like a gathering at the United Nations in New York. The mix is less striking. It's like a gathering at Bloomingdale's, a well-known department store. For New Yorkers, talking about other parts of the world means Brooklyn and Queens in New York. But at Mallery's, when I said that I had been to Myanmar recently, people knew where it was. In New York people would think it was a usual new club ( ) 1. What does the word "shot" in Paragraph 1 probably mean? B. Try C. Style. D. Goal

A. Choice. (

) 2. What does the writer dislike most about dinner parties in New York? B. The restaurants are expensive. D. People have to pay cash

A There is a strange mix of people. C. The bill is not fairly shared. (

) 3. What does the author think of the parties in London? D More interesting.

A. A bit unusual B. Full of tricks. C. Less costly. (

) 4. What is the author's opinion of some New Yorkers from her experience? B. Self-centered. C. Generous. D. Conservative.

A. Easy-going.

1. B.词义猜测题.从第一句的 hate,到 but 意义上的转折,说明尽管不喜欢,还是要"尝 试一 下",所以 try 的意思更接* shot. 2. C.细节理解题.根据第一段中 They'll throw down cash, half of what they owe, and then people like me, who don't drink, end up paying even more.可知类似作者这样的人在纽 约吃饭 吃亏,因为付钱多.

3. D. 推理判断题.根据第二段和其中的句子 Not only that, the guests are an interesting mix. 可以推断伦敦的 party 要比纽约的有趣. 4. B.推理判断题.从最后一段的 talking about other parts of the world means Brooklyn and Queens in New York.和 In New York people would think it was a usual new club 可 以推断,作 者对一些纽约人的看法,是"以自我为中心的".

阅读理解----------B As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation. Once you are in the habit of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to slow down. But relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body. Stress is a natural part of everyday life and there is no way to avoid it. In fact, it is not the bad thing it is often supposed to be. A certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and give purpose to life. It is only when the stress gets out of control that it can lead to poor performance and ill health. The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very much on the individual. Some people are not afraid of stress, and such characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsibilities, others lose heart at the first sign of unusual difficulties. When exposed to stress, in whatever form, we react both chemically and physically. In fact we make choice between "flight or fight" and in more primitive days the choices made the difference between life or death. The crises we meet today are unlikely to be so extreme, but however little the stress, it involves the same response. It is when such a reaction lasts long, through continued exposure to stress, that health becomes endangered. Since we can't remove stress from our lives (it would be unwise to do so even if we could), we need to find ways to deal with it.

6. People are finding less and less time for relaxing themselves because _____. A. they regard working as their greatest enjoyment

B. they believe that work is superior to relaxation C. they are traveling fast all the time D. they are becoming busier with their work than ever before 7. According to the author, the most important character for a good manager is his _____. A. strong will to hold out stress B. knowing the art of relaxation C. high sense of responsibility D. having control over performance 8.. Which of the following statements is TRUE, according to the passage? A. We can find quite a few ways to avoid stress. B. Stress is always harmful to people's health C. It's easy to change the habit of keeping oneself busy with work. D. Different people can bear different amount of stress. 9. In the last sentence of the passage, "do so" refers to _____. A. "expose ourselves to stress" B. "find ways to deal with stress" C. "remove stress from our lives" D. "establish links between diseases and stress" 10. According to the author, the right attitude toward stress is _____. A. to avoid it B. to try to cope with it C. to regard it as a vital motivation D. to find some relaxation (B)本文讲述当今社会人们面临很大压力,压力无法避免,人们承受压力的限度不同,在压力 面前如何放松自己,坦然面对。 D 推断题。由第一段可推知,无法放松自己主要是比以前任何时候都要忙碌。 A 推断题。由第三段第二句可推知,当好管理者的优良品质是要具有坚强的抵制压力的意志。 句中 prime material 意为“一流的素质”。 D 细节题。由第三段第一句可 The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very

much on the individual.可知。 C 猜义题。由 Since we can't remove stress from our lives…可知括号里的内容是对前文 的解释。 B 态度题。最后一句表明了作者的态度。

阅读理解---------C It’s hardly surprising that weather is a favorite topic for so many people around the world—it affects where we choose to love, what we wear, our moods, and perhaps even our national characteristics. Studies have shown the changeable weather can make it difficult to concentrate, cloudy skies slow sown reaction, and high humidity with hot, dry winds makes many people bad-tempered. If you live in a place like Britain, where the weather seems to change daily if not hourly, you could be forgiven for thinking that the weather is random. In fact, the weather is controlled by systems which move around areas of the globe. In the UK the weather depends on depressions(低气压), often called lows, and anticyclones (高气压), also known as highs. These systems start in the Atlantic Ocean, and make their way across the British Isles from the west to the east. Highs bring sunny weather, while lows bring rain and wind. In modern times, human activities seem to be altering weather patterns. Gases produced by heavy industry change the temperature of the Earth’s surface, and affect cloud formation. Some researchers say that factories in Europe and North America may have been one of the causes of the droughts in Africa in the 1980s. The human race has always tried to guess the weather, especially in areas of the world where there are frequent changes. Traditional rhymes point to early attempts to identify weather patterns, popular poems include: Red sky at night, shepherds’ delight; red sky in the morning, shepherds’ warning. Flies will swarm before a storm.

Rain before 7, clear by 11. While folk wisdom can still provide a guide to help forecast weather, today’s methods of prediction increasingly rely on technology. Satellites, balloons, ships, aircrafts and weather centers with sensitive monitoring equipment, send data to computers. The date is them processed, and the weather is predicted. However, even this system cannot predict weather for longer than about a week. 11.When weather keeps changing, A.people become bad-tempered B.people’s reaction slows down D.people become hungrier

C.people find it hard to focus on their work

12.What is mainly talked about in the second paragraph? A.Changes in weather. C.African droughts. 13.The weather in Britain is A.random B.moist . C.depressing D.satisfying B.Weather in Britain. D.Research on weather.

14.According to a traditional rhyme, if there is red sky at night, the next day will be . A.windy B.rainy C.fine D.snowy

15.Which of the following statements in true? A.Anticyclones often bring rain and wind. B.Weather forecasting has been done for a long time. C.Weather could never be predicted. D.Modern methods of weather prediction are developed from folk wisdom. 【参考答案】 (C)篇 CAACB