发布于:2021-06-11 04:48:36

clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不可数名词 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of incident, accident incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故 He was killed in the accident. amount, number amount 后接不可数名词, number 后接可数名词 a number of students family, house, home home 家,包括住处和家人,house 房子,住宅,family 家庭成员. My family is a happy one. sound, voice, noise sound 自然界各种各样的声音, voice 人的嗓音, noise 噪音 I hate the loud noise outside. photo, picture, drawing photo 用照相机拍摄的照片,picture 可指相片,图片,电影片,drawing 画的画 Let's go and see a good picture. vocabulary, word vocabulary 词汇,一个人拥有的单词量,word 具体的单词 He has a large vocabulary. population, people population 人口,人数,people 具体的人 China has a large population. weather, climate weather 一天内具体的天气状况,climate 长期的气候状况 The climate here is not good for you. road, street, path, way road 具体的公路,马路,street 街道,path 小路,小径,way 道路,途径 take this road; in the street, show me the way to the museum. course, subject course 课程(可包括多门科目) ,subject 科目(具体的学科)a summer course custom, habit


custom 传统风俗,*俗,也可指生活*惯,后接 to do, habit 生活*惯,*惯成自然, 后接 of doing. I've got the habit of drinking a lot. cause, reason cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接 of sth./doing sth,reason 用来解释某种 现象或结果的理由,后接 for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late exercise, exercises, practice exercise 运动,锻炼(不可数) ,exercises 练*(可数) ,practice(反复做的)练* Practice makes perfect. class, lesson 作"课"解时,两者可以替换.指课文用 lesson. 指班级或全体学生用 class. lesson 6; class 5 speech, talk, lecture speech 指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说,talk 日常生活中的一般的谈话,讲 话,lecture 学术性的演讲,讲课 a series of lecture on… officer, official officer 部队的军官,official 政府官员 an army officer work, job 二者均指工作。work 不可数,job 可数 a good job couple, pair couple 主要指人或动物,pair 多指由两部分组成的东西 a pair of trousers country, nation, state, land country 侧重指版图,疆域,nation 指人民,国民,民族,state 侧重指政府,政体,land 国土,国家 The whole nation was sad at the news. cook, cooker cook 厨师,cooker 厨具 He is a good cook. damage, damages damage 不可数名词, 损害,损失; damages 复数形式, 赔偿金 $900 damages police, policeman

police 警察的总称,后接复数谓语动词,policeman 指某个具体的警察 The police are questioning everyone in the house. problem, question problem 常和困难连系,前面的动词常为 think about, solve, raise,question 常和疑问 连系,多和 ask, answer 连用 man, a man man 人类,a man 一个男人 Man will conquer nature. trip, journey, travel, voyage travel 是最常用的,trip 指短期的旅途,journey 指稍长的旅途,voyage 指海上航行 a three-day trip sport, game sport 多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动, 如打球,游泳, 打猎, 赛马等;game 指决定胜负的游戏, 通常有一套规则 His favorite sport is swimming. price, prize price 价格,prize 奖,奖品,奖金 win the first prize The price is high/low. a number of, the number of a number of 许多,谓语动词用复数。the number of…的数目,谓语动词用单数。The number of students is increasing. in front of, in the front of in front of 范围外的前面,in the front of 范围内的前面 In the front of the room sits a boy. of the day, of a day of the day 每一天的,当时的,当代的, of a day 暂时的,不长久的 a famous scientist of the day three of us, the three of us three of us 我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us 我们三个(就三个人) The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema. by bus, on the bus by bus 表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus 表范围

They went there by bus. for a moment, for the moment for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment 暂时,一时 Thinking for a moment, he agreed. next year, the next year next year 将来时间状语,the next year 过去将来时间状语 He said he would go abroad the next year. more than a year, more than one year more than a year 一年多,more than one year 超过一年(两年或三年等) take advice, take the(one's) advice take advice 征求意见,take the advice 接受忠告 He refused to take the advice and failed again. take air, take the air take air 传播,走漏,take the air 到户外去,散步 We take the air every day. in a word, in words in a word 总之,一句话, in words 口头上 In a word, you are right. in place of, in the place of in place of 代替,in the place of 在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one. take a chair, take the chair take a chair 相当于 sit down 坐下,take the chair 开始开会 go to sea, by sea, by the sea go to sea 当海员,出航,by sea 乘船,由海路, by the sea 在海边 go by sea the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher the doctor and teacher 指一个人,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the teacher 两 个人,一个医生和一个老师 the doctor and teacher is in office, in the office in office 在职的,in the office 在办公室里

He is in office, not out of office. in bed, on the bed in bed 卧在床上,on the bed 在床上 The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed. in charge of, in the charge of in charge of 管理,负责照料, in the charge of 由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her.51. in class, in the class in class 在课上,in the class 在班级里 He is the best student in the class. on fire, on the fire on fire 着火,on the fire 在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire. out of question, out of the question out of question 毫无疑问的,out of the question 不可能的 a second, the second a second 又一,再一,the second 第…… He won the second prize. by day, by the day by day 白天,by the day 按天计算 The workers are paid by the day. the people, a people the people 指人,a people 指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people. it, one it 同一物体,one 同类不同一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one. that, this that 指代上文所提到的,this 导出下文所要说的 I was ill. That's why…

none, nothing, no one none 强调有多少,nothing, no one 强调有没有,nothing 指物,no one 指人 --- How many…/How much…? --- None. anyone, any one anyone 指人,不能接 of,any one 指人物均可,可接 of ,any one of you other, another other 后接名词复数,another 后接名词单数 other students, another student not a little, not a bit not a little 非常,not a bit 一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。 many, much, a lot of many 和可数名词连用,much 和不可数名词连用,a lot of 可数,不可数均可,但不用于否 定句 I haven't many books. much more…than, many more…than much more…than 后接形容词或不可数名词,many more…than 后接可数名词 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful no more than, not more than no more than 相当于 only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过 by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself by oneself 单独的,独自的,for oneself 为自己,to oneself 供自己用的,of oneself 自行的,自动的 The door opened of itself. at all, after all at all 根本,全然, after all 到底,毕竟 After all he is a child. tall, high tall 常指人或动物,high 常指物体 He is tall. fast, quickly fast 侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly 侧重指某事完成或发生的快 run fast, answer the question quickly

high, highly high 具体的高,highly 抽象的高,高度的 think highly of healthy, healthful healthy 健康的,健壮的,healthful 有益于健康的 healthful exercise sleeping, asleep, sleepy sleeping 正在睡觉,asleep 睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy 困的,有睡意的 a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy. most, mostly most 用于表感受的肯定句中, 相当于 very, 当大部分, 大多数解时是形容词或名词, mostly 大部分,是副词 most people, the people are mostly… just, very just 表强调时是副词,作状语,very 表强调时是形容词,用作定语 the very man, just the man wide, broad wide 侧重于一边到另一边的距离,broad 侧重于幅面的宽广 broad shoulders real, true real 真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的,true 真的,真正的,指的是事实和 实际情况相符合 real gold, a true story respectful, respectable respectful 尊敬,有礼貌,respectable 可敬的,值得尊敬的 be respectful to the pleasant, pleased, pleasing pleasant 常用作定语,pleased, pleasing 常用作表语,pleased 主语常为人,pleasing 主语常为物 a pleasant trip The trip is pleasing. understanding, understandable understanding 明白事理的,能体谅的,understandable 可理解的,能够懂的 an understanding girl, an understandable mistake close, closely

close 接*,靠*,closely 紧紧地,紧密地 closely connected, stand close ill, sick ill 做表语,sick 定语,表均可 a sick boy good, well good 形容词,well 副词,但指身体状况是形容词 He is well again. quiet, silent, still quiet 安静的,可以发出小的声音,silent 不发出声音,但可以动,still 完全不动,完全 无声响 He stand there still. 他站在那儿,一动不动,也不说话。 hard, hardly hard 努力,hardly 几乎不 work hard 努力工作 I can hardly believe it. able, capable able 与不定式 to do 连用,capable 与 of 连用 He is capable of doing… almost, nearly 二者均为"几乎,差不多" 和否定词连用 用 almost nobody late, lately late 迟,晚,lately 最*,*来 I haven't seen him lately. living, alive, live, lively living, alive, live 均为活着的,living 定表均可,alive 定表均可,定语后置,live 只能做定语,lively 意为活波的 all the living people=all the people alive excited, exciting excited 使人兴奋的,exciting 令人兴奋的 I'm excited. The news is exciting. deep, deeply deep 具体的深,deeply 抽象的深,深深地 deeply moved, dig deep aloud, loud aloud 出声地,loud 大声地 read aloud(出声地读)

worth, worthy 二者均为值得,worth 后接 doing,worthy 后接 to be done, of being done bad, badly bad 形容词,badly 副词,不好,但与 need, want, require 连用为"很,非常" go bad I need the book badly. before long, long before before long 不久以后,long before 很久以前 not long before = before long quite, rather quite 完全地,相当于 completely, rather 修饰比较级 quite impossible happy, glad happy 高兴,幸福,定表均可,glad 高兴,只能做表语 a happy girl instead, instead of instead 是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of 是介词短语,放在句中 He didn't see a film. Instead he watched TV. He watched TV instead of seeing a film too much, much too too much 后接不可数名词,much too 后接形容词 much too heavy be about to, be going to, be to do be about to 表最*的将来,后面不接时间状语,be going to 侧重打算,想法,be to do 侧重意志,计划,安排 I'm to meet him.(含双方事先约好的意思) raise, rise raise 及物动词,rise 不及物动词 The sun rises in the east. bring, take, carry, fetch bring 拿来,take 带走,carry 随身携带,fetch 去回这一往返动作 fetch a box of chalk spend, take, pay, cost spend 人做主语, 花钱, 花时间; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take 物做主语, 花时间;pay 人做主语,花钱,pay for; cost 物做主语,花钱 join, join in, take part in

join 加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in 参加小型的活动, join sb. in;take part in 参加大型的活动 He joined the army five years ago. learn, study learn 学*,侧重学*的结果,study 学*,侧重学*的过程,研究 study the problem want, hope, wish want 打算,想要,want to do, want sb. to do, hope 希望(通常可以实现) ,hope to do/ hope that… wish 希望(通常不能实现)wish (sb.) to do, wish sb/sth. + n. I wish you success. discover, invent, find out discover 发现本来存在但不为人所知的东西,invent 发明本来不存在的物体,find out 发 现,查明 At last he found out the truth. answer, reply answer 及物动词,reply 不及物动词,后接 to reply to the letter leave, leave for leave 离开,leave for 前往 He left Beijing for Shanghai. rob, steal rob 抢劫 rob sb. of sth.,steal 偷 steal sth. from sb. shoot, shoot at shoot 射死,shoot at 瞄准,但不一定射中 He shot the bird and it died. drop, fall drop 及物不及物均可,fall 不及物动词 Prices fell/dropped. He dropped his voice. search, search for search 后接地点,search for 后接东西

He searched his pocket for money. used to, be used to used to 过去常常,be used to *惯于,后接 sth./doing sth.;被用来,后接 do sth. He is used to getting up early. win, lose, beat win 后接 sth.,反义词为 lose, beat 后接 sb. win the game, beat them live on, live by live on 以…为主食,live by 靠…谋生 live on fish/ live by fishing beat, hit, strike beat 连续性地击打;hit 打中,对准打;strike 打一下或若干下 beat the wings meet, meet with meet 遇到,meet with 体验到,遭遇到 meet with an accident lose, miss lose 失去(具体的物体) ,错过 sth. is lost, lose the chance;miss 想念,错过 sth. is missing,miss the chance be tired of, be tired with/from be tired of 厌烦…,be tired with/from 因为…而累了 be tired with/from running 800 meters care about, care for care about 关心,*希诤酰话愣嘤糜诜穸ň渲校籧are for 关心,照料,喜欢,愿意 He doesn't care about his clothes. I don't care for movies. catch a cold, have a cold catch a cold 不能和表示"一段时间"的状语连用,而 have a cold 可以 She has had a cold for a week. change for, change into change for 调换成,change into 变成 Change the shirt for a bigger one. Water changes into ice. continue, last 二者均为持续,continue 主动,被动均可,last 只能用主动

The war continued/lasted five years. The story is to be continued. feed, raise feed 喂养,养活,饲养 (to give food to), raise 饲养,养育 (cause to grow, bring up children)raise the family go for a doctor, go to a doctor go for a doctor 去请医生,go to a doctor 去看病 notice, observe, catch sight of notice 注意到,observe 观察,仔细地看,catch sight of 突然看到 observe the stars insist on, stick to insist on 坚持要求,后常接 doing, stick to 坚持, 后常接 sth. stick to the plan look, seem, appear look 指从外表上看,seem 指内心的判断,appear 指给人以表面的印象 appear wise,look like his father mean to do, mean doing mean to do 打算,想要做某事,mean doing 意思是,意味着 By this I mean giving the students more practice. die from, die of die from 表示死于(枪)伤,虚弱,过度劳累,饮食过度等,die of 表示死于疾病,饥饿, 寒冷,年老,忧愁,失恋等精神因素 die of hunger and cold pay for, pay back, pay off pay for 为…付钱,pay back 还钱,但不一定还清,pay off 还清 pay for the book, pay off the debt divide, separate divide 把一个整体分成几部分,separate 把连在一起的个体分开 divide the apple, separate the houses arrive, get, reach arrive 不及物动词,后接 in (大地点),at(小地点),get 不及物动词后接 to,reach 及物 动词 arrive in Beijing, get to Beijing, reach Beijing

grow, plant grow 使某种植物在某地生长着或使其发展下去, plant 移植, 移栽已经长成秧苗的植物 plant the trees, trees are growing manage, try manage to do 设法做成了某事,try to do 尽力去做某事但不一定成功 He tried to pass the exam, but he failed. choose, select choose 凭个人的判断力进行选择,select 有目的地仔细认真地选择 choose the best answer build, put up, set up, found build 一般用语,建成,put up 临时搭建,set up 建成(内部的设施基本齐全) ,found 国 家或组织的建成 put up a tent, set up a school be familiar to, be familiar with be familiar to 某物对某人来说是熟悉的,be familiar with 某人熟悉某物 The book is familiar to me. I'm familiar with the book. agree with, agree to, agree on agree with 同意某人,agree to 同意某事,agree on 在…上达成一致意见,主语是复数 agree with you, agree to the plan throw to, throw at throw to 扔到…, throw at 朝…扔 He throw a stone at me. receive, accept receive 收到某一东西,但不一定接受,accept 接受 I received a gift, but I didn't accept it. wear, put on, dress wear 和 dress 表状态,wear 接衣服等,可用进行时,dress 接人,be dressed in, put on 表 动作 It's cold outside. Put on your warm clothes.

listen, hear listen 强调动作,hear 强调结果 I listened, but I heard nothing. look, see, watch look 看的动作,see 看的结果,watch 强调所看物体的变化、移动和发展 watch TV lie, lay lie 躺,位于(lay, lain),说谎(lied, lied),lay *放(laid, laid) lay the book work as, act as work as 工作是…,act as 充当某种职务或身份,或扮演某种角色 He works as a teacher. He acts as an interpreter. move, remove move 动一动,但不一定移走,remove 从一处移到另一处 remove the table to the kitchen hurt, injure, wound hurt 感情上受伤,injure 事故中受伤,wound 战争中受伤 He was wounded in the war. turn, get, grow turn 表突变,后常接表颜色的词,get 强调变的结果,grow 强调过程,逐渐的变化 turn yellow, get tired, grow big close, shut, turn off close 和 shut 当关解时可以通用,用于可开合的物体,turn off 用于指有开关的物体 Close/Shut the door. Turn off the TV. set out, set about, set off 指出发,着手解时,set out 后接 to do,set about 后接 doing, set off 后接 for sp. begin, start begin 侧重时间的开始,反义词为 end,start 侧重由静到动的转折,反义词为 stop Class begins at 7:30a.m. happen, take place happen 偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生,take place 必然性的发生 Great changes have taken place in my hometown. at, in (表地点)

at 小地点,in 大地点 arrive at a small village, arrive in Shanghai at work, in work at work 在工作,在*啵琲n work 有职业,有工作 Both my parents are at work. They are not at home. increase to, increase by increase to 增长到…,increase by 增长了… The number increased by 2,000 to 5,000. day after day, day by day day after day 日复一日(无变化) ;day by day 一天天地(有变化) Trees grow taller day by day. like, as like 相似关系,但并不等同,as 同一关系,两者实为一体 Don't treat me as a child. (In fact, I'm a child.) after, in (表时间) after 接时间点,in 接时间段 after 7:00, in five minutes between, among between 两者之间,三者或三者以上两两之间, among 三者或三者以上之间 Switzerland lies between France, Germany, Australia and Italy. after, behind (表位置) after 强调次序的先后,behind 强调物体静态位置的前后 There are many trees behind the house. since, for (完成时间状语) since 接点时间或一句话,for 接一段时间 for three years, since 3:00 on the corner, in the corner, at the corner on the corner 物体表面的角上,in the corner 物体内部的角落里, at the corner 物体外部的角落上(拐角处)on the corner of the table warn sb. of, warn sb. against warn sb. of 提醒某人注意某事,warn sb. against 提醒某人不要做某事 warn him against swimming in that part of the river

at peace, in peace at peace *静地,in peace 和*地 live in peace with one's neighbors on earth, on the earth, in the earth on earth 在世上,在人间,到底,究竟,一点也不,on the earth 在地上,在地球上,in the earth 在地下,在泥土里 no use on earth in surprise, to one's surprise, by surprise in surprise 惊奇地,to one's surprise 使某人吃惊的是,by surprise 使…惊慌 The question took the professor by surprise. in the air, on the air, in the sky in the air 正在酝酿中,on the air 播送,广播,in the sky 在天空中 His show is on the air at 6:00 tonight. in the field, on the field in the field 在野外,on the field 在战场上 He lost his life on the field. in the market, on the market in the market 表示场所或地点,在市场上,on the market 出售 He sells fish in the market. Fresh vegetables are on the market now. in the sun, under the sun in the sun 在阳光下,under the sun 地球上,全世界 people under the sun in a voice, with one voice in a voice 出声地,with one voice 异口同声地 They refused with one voice. 181. through, across across the desert on the way, in the way on the way 在前往…的路上,in the way 挡路 The chair is in the way. above, on, over above 在上面,不接触,on 在上面,接触,over 在正上方 fly over the hill

through 穿越空间,across 在…上穿过 through the forest,

until, not…until until 到…为止, not…until 直到…才(常跟点动词连用)I waited until 3:00. He didn't come until 3:00. besides, except, except for besides 除了…还(包括在内)except 除了(不包括在内) , except for 整体…除了某一点以外 The composition is good except for a few spelling mistakes. whether, if 当是否解时, 只有在宾语从句中二者可以互换, 其余都用 whether, 当如果解时用 if I don't know if/whether he will come. If he comes, I'll let you know. and, or and 并且,or 或者,否则,常用于否定句中 I don't like apples or bananas. Hurry up and you'll catch the bus. Hurry up or you'll miss the bus. because, since, as, for 原因由强到弱为:because, since/as, for. 在句中的位置如下:1)…because… 2) Since/as…, … 3) …, for… Since I was ill, I didn't go. when, as, while (表时间) when 从句动词点动词,持续性动词均可,as 重在表示动作同时发生,伴随进行, while 从句动词为持续性动词 While I slept, a thief broke in. the same…as, the same…that the same…as 和…一样的(相似但不同一) the same…that 同一物体 , This is the same pen that I used yesterday. (同一支笔) as well, as well as as well 也,常放于句末,和 and 连用表示既…又;as well as 并列连词,不但…而且… He is a professor, and a writer as well. such…as, such…that

such…as 像…样的,such…that 如此…以至于 He is not such a fool as he looks like. He is such a good student that all the teachers like him. because, because of because 连词,连接两句话,because of 介词短语,后接词或短语 He didn't go to school because of his illness. in order that, in order to 表目的,in order that 后接句子,in order to 后接动词原形 I got up early in order to catch the first bus. I got up early so that I could catch the first bus. for example, such as for example 一般只列举一个,such as 列举多个例子 I have been to a lot of American cities, such as New York, Atlanta and Chicago. used to, would 表过去常常,和现在相对应用 used to,不提现在用 would I used to get up early, but now I don't. All right. That's all right. That's right. All right. That's all right. 当好吧解时,可以替换;当不客气,没关系解时只能用 That's all right. That's right. 那是对的 ---Sorry. --- That's all right. such…that, so…that 当如此…以至于解时,such…that 修饰名词,so…that 修饰形容词或副词, 但名词前面如果有 many, much, little, few 修饰用 so…that,不用 such that so many people that… such a lovely boy=so lovely a boy so + be (have, can, do)+主语, neither(nor) + be (have, can, do)+ 主语 也一样,肯定用 so…否定用 neither (nor) ---I can't play tennis. ---Nor can I.